Consider a fifth grade test question:  (Note 1)

“Name two facts about George Washington” (2 pts)

Little Billy Smith’s answer:

1. He was the first president of the United States.

2. He was a traveling circus clown named Bobo.

How many points is Billy awarded?  One point?  Probably.

13 years later, Billy’s boss asks him a question.  Billy doesn’t know the answer, and now has a choice.

He can say, “I don’t know” or he can spew random bull s*&t and hope that some of it is true.

If he chooses the latter, he may be suffering from a case of “Partial Credit – itis”  Now he’s labeled as unreliable – at best.

Incorrect information can be more damaging than correct information is beneficial.

If Billy doesn’t know this, who is to blame?

(Note 1) There are similar examples from the collegiate and post-graduate levels which are just as comical.